Most of the Germanic first names consist of two elements. This article lists gods and goddesses that may be reconstructed for Proto-Germanic or Common Germanic Migration period paganism, or which figure in both West and North Germanic mythology.See list of Germanic deities for a complete list of Germanic gods and goddesses, including those for whom there is insufficient attestation to produce Common Germanic reconstructions. Old English - Seaman, Pirate, One who travelled in Ash Wood Boat; German - Boatman, Germanic - King of work; A variant of the name Aimery, To have the light and brightness of the wolf, One who lives near the place inhabited by bears, One who is like a bear and llike the wolf, He who has the strenght and bravery of the Bear. Please mention when praying to the Gods. In Germanic paganism, the indigenous religion of the ancient Germanic peoples that inhabited Germanic Europe, there were a number of different gods and goddesses. Balder and his innocent slayer, Höd, will return to inhabit the dwellings of gods. However, it is usually accepted that the Æsir (including Óðinn, Þór and Týr) were warrior gods, while the Vanir (mainly Njörður, Freyja and Freyr) were fertility gods. Copyright © 1999-2020 Godchecker, Inc. All rights reserved. Every nine years a great festival was held at Uppsala, and sacrifice was conducted in a sacred grove that stood beside the temple. Sacrifice often was conducted in the open or in groves and forests. The history of Germanic peoples, sometimes called Teutonic or Gothic, goes as far back as 1700 BC, an era called Nordic Bronze Age. Although the cosmic cataclysm portrayed by the poet of the “Völuspá” reflects the apocalyptic imagery of the Book of Revelation, it is essentially a symbolic reflection of the waning Germanic world, ineluctably moving to its destruction because of the outrages committed by its divine and human representatives. One of the trees in this grove was holier than all the others and beneath it lay a well into which a living man would be plunged. The presence of ships or boats in graves, and occasionally of chariots and horses, may suggest that the dead were thought to go on a journey to the otherworld, but this is questionable; such accoutrements more likely reflected a person’s earthly occupation. Thor: Þórr (North Germanic), Þunor (Old English), Thunaer (Old Saxon), Donar (Southern Germanic areas) "Thunder", all names stem from Proto-Germanic *ÞunraR (Gives his name to Thursday). There also were sacrifices of a more private kind. The earth will sink into the sea but will rise again, purified and renewed. The word hof, commonly applied to temples in the literature of Iceland, seems to belong to the later rather than to the earlier period. Spirit name "Butze" German: A household spirit. Roman authors repeatedly mention the sacrifice of prisoners of war to the gods of victory. Others seemed to believe that there was no afterlife. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sacrifice took different forms. No unified conception of the afterlife is known. Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. The Origin and Meaning of the Name Yggdrasill 1904 Andrew Peter Fors The Ethical World-Conception of the Norse People 1907 George Tobias Flom A History of Scandinavian Studies in American Universities 1913 Karl Mortensen Handbook of Norse Mythology 1913 Bertha S. Phillpotts "Germanic Heathenism" Only a brief summary of this rich subject can be attempted here. The beginning of the world of giants, gods, and men. German Spirit name "Buschweiber" German: Forest-spirits aka "Wild-maidens". Some may have believed that fallen warriors would go to Valhalla to live happily with Odin until the Ragnarök, but it is unlikely that this belief was widespread. Through their own work, and especially because of the strength of Thor, gods have kept the demons of destruction at bay.

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