Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. The temperature rarely gets very hot or very cold and although the country does get its fair share of rain, London alone actually has an annual rainfall lower than Paris, Sydney and New York. The winter of 2008/09 produced the heaviest snowfall since 1991 between 1 and 3 February, and the winter of 2009-10 was even more severe, with many parts of the United Kingdom having the coldest and snowiest winters since 1978/79; temperatures plummeted to −22.3 °C (−8.1 °F) at Altnaharra, Sutherland – close to the −22.9 °C (−9.2 °F) recorded in Antarctica in the same period. November 2010 saw an extremely severe cold snap, with lows of −18.0 °C (−0.4 °F) in Llysdinam on 28 November. In accordance with World Meteorological Organization (WMO) recommendations, the Met Office maintains long-term averages of the UK climate, based on standard 30-year periods. This warm water current warms the climate to such a great extent that if the current did not exist then temperatures in winter would be about 10 °C (18 °F) lower than they are today and similar to eastern Russia or Canada near the same latitude. The high latitude and proximity to a large ocean to the west means that the United Kingdom experiences strong winds. These warm ocean currents also bring substantial amounts of humidity which contributes to the notoriously wet climate that western parts of the UK experience. [67] In London, thunderstorms occur on average 14–19 days a year, while in most of Northern Ireland and the west of Scotland thunderstorms occur on around 3 days a year. May is the sunniest month, averaging 186.8 hours. [28] The record maximum is 38.7 °C (101.7 °F), recorded in Cambridge on 25 July 2019. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook Some plants flowered that would normally do so in the spring. The following winter was the opposite: in many places, only on 11 and 12 January was any snow recorded (some places having no snow at all), and the entire country was battered by a series of severe depressions and storms. Though these tornadoes are much weaker than in areas of the United States, there is a significant number of these tornadoes annually. 2011 and 2016 were notable as many areas of the country recorded their highest temperatures of the year in September and October (for example, 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) at Hawarden on 1 October, 26.3 °C (79.3 °F) at St. Athan on 2 October 2011 and the UK's highest temperature of 2016 on 13 September with 34.4 °C (93.9 °F) at Gravesend). Snow falls in the UK every year, but in small quantities. Since the UK is always in or close to the path of the polar front jet stream, frequent changes in pressure and unsettled weather are typical. [73][74] The United Kingdom has at least 33 tornadoes per year,[75] more than any other country in the world relative to its land area. [43] December 2015 was also the warmest December averaged over the whole UK, and the CET had the warmest December on record. This is true even for the driest month. This change is particularly pronounced near the coasts, mainly because the Atlantic Ocean is often at its coldest at this time after being cooled throughout the autumn and the winter. Aviemore is considered one of the coldest inhabited places, with its inland location and an altitude of about 210 metres. They can on occasions bring prolonged periods of heavy rain, and flooding is quite common. This is noticeable in winter where there are only a few hours of sunshine. The UK can suffer extreme winters like 1684, 1740, 1795 (when London had its record lowest temperature of −21.1 °C (−6.0 °F), 1947 and 1963. Many types of weather can be experienced in a single day. Fires broke out in some areas, even across the normally damp higher ground of north-west England and Wales. Mean winter temperatures in the UK are most influenced by proximity to the sea. [3] The climate of south-west England displays a seasonal temperature variation, although it is less extreme than most of the United Kingdom. In fact, the winter of 1995/1996 was the only one which was defined as below average in terms of the UK as a whole, although February 1991 saw heavy snowfall and January 1997 was cold in the South. A temperature of −26.1 °C (−15.0 °F) was recorded under such conditions at Edgmond in Shropshire on 10 January 1982, the coldest temperature recorded in England and Wales. //-->, Degrees Celsius One particularly intense depression was the Great Storm of 1987. Western areas, closest to the Atlantic, experience these severe conditions more often than eastern areas. It is not particularly unusual for September to be warmer than June, as it was in 1999.[32]. The climate in England is called a temperate maritime climate. Northern Ireland is also drier than Wales in every month, yet it rains on more days. Statista. The winter of 2017/18 was then much colder than average too. The month saw temperatures below average, despite what was actually a very mild first half. [1] Regional climates are influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and latitude. In recent times snow has generally become rarer, but the UK can still get heavy falls, such as in 1978–79, 1981–82, 1986-87 and 1990-91. In Aberdaron, the hottest day of 2011 was very early on in the year on 21 April. The maximum recorded temperature was 17.2 °C (63.0 °F) at Teignmouth in Devon and Plockton and Achnagart in the Highlands of Scotland on the 16th. Rainfall will decrease in … In East Anglia it typically rains on about 113 days per year. Please log in to access our additional functions, *Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license, The ideal entry-level account for individual users. December 2015 was the wettest month ever recorded in the United Kingdom. This is due to a mild rainshadow effect, due to mountainous parts of the South West, Wales and Cumbria blocking the moist airflow across the country to the east. [30] The season may be a little more unsettled; as cool polar air moves southwards, it can meet warm air from the tropics and produce an area of disturbance along which the country lies.

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